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分詞構句 Participle Clauses

已更新:2021年6月15日


  • 話不多說,以下先8秒鐘讓句子本人直接跟大家說明。


例句: 1. Having lost all hope, I quit. 2.Being so tired, I quit.

還原例句 1. Because I have lost all hope, I quit. 2.Because I was so tired, I quit.




最簡單的最難。 - 無名氏
  • 請注意 Participle Clauses/phrases 之所以無所不在 => 除了上述because的省略之外,還有很多兄弟姊妹款式齁! 請保持樂觀心情,繼續看下去。

After... 3. After finishing the work, I quit. 還原:After I finished the work, I quit. *After 有時候也會省略(到底有多省口水跟墨水XD):Finishing the work, I quit. (省略的原則是:畢竟有沒有特別講 after 其實都猜得出來有時間前後的意思,就豪氣省了)

When/While... 4. While making dinner, she cut her finger. 或是 She cut her finger while making dinner. 還原While she was making dinner, she cut her finger.

*Reduced Relative Clauses* 關係子句的「省略」句也一樣變成participle 款式,就一起複習整理起來! 4. The little girl injured in the car accident was taken to hospital. 還原:The little girl who was injured in the car accident was taken to hospital. 5. This necklace, made in 11th century, is very fragile. 還原:This necklace, which was made in 11th century, is very fragile. 6. My friend, discouraged by a toxic culture at work, quit his job. 還原:My friend who was discouraged by a toxic culture at work quit his job.

*補充:你也會常常看到這樣的順序排列: Made in 11th century, this necklace is very fragile. Discouraged by a toxic culture at work, my friend quit his job. 但是這一個由關係子句省略的款式我們通常不會把 participle phrase 放在句尾,因為這樣會離「要修飾的那個名詞 this necklace, my friend 太遙遠」,語意比較不鮮明,也比較容易誤會文意。

 

!切記!

要用 participle clause 的方式省口水省墨水讓文字更精簡的「首要原則」 兩個句子的「主詞」要一樣!否則就會造成誤會了。

舉個網路很常見的例句: 錯誤示範Coming out of the market, the apples fell on the pavement. 還原見笑點: After the apples came out of the market, they fell on the pavement. (除非是以蘋果人為主角的卡通這句話才有道理R~)

*補充:這裡的“Coming out of the market”被稱作一個 dangling modifier (被斷主詞頭之無家可歸的修飾語)

 


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